Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов минск 2010 ббк утверждено на заседании



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БЕЛОРУССКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ


Кафедра английского языка гуманитарных факультетов


ENGLISH
for Business Managers

Английский для менеджеров



Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов

МИНСК
2010

УДК

ББК


Утверждено на заседании

кафедры английского языка гуманитарных факультетов

29 октября 2008 г., протокол № 3

Составители:



Е.В. Крылов, Е.С. Пристром, Н.Ф. Шевцова, О.Н. Разумова,

Т.И. Сугоняко, Н.В. Ващинская, М.В. Васильева, И.А. Попова

Рецензенты:

кандидат педагогических наук, доцент кафедры

лексикологии английского языка МГЛУ Т. В. Кононенко

старший преподаватель В.И. Барабан

English for Business Managers. = Английский для менеджеров: Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов / Сост.: Е.В. Крылов, Е.С. Пристром, Н.Ф. Шевцова, О.Н. Разумова, Т.И. Сугоняко, Н.В. Ващинская, М.В. Васильева, И.А. Попова; – Мн.: БГУ, 2008. – 296 с.

Пособие представляет собой первую часть учебно-методического комплекса по английскому языку для студентов специальности «Менеджмент». Оно включает 9 разделов (Units), предназначенных для аудиторной самостоятельной работы, а также грамматический практикум. Целью пособия является развитие всех видов речевой деятельности на основе профессионально ориентированного материала.



УДК

ББК
© БГУ, 2010

Contents



БЕЛОРУССКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ 1

Unit 1. Management – an Art or a Science? 7

Introduction 7

Reading 1 7

Reading 2 13

Listening 16

Translation 17

Self-study section. Grammar revision 17

Social skills 18

Speaking 19

Writing 20



Unit 2. The Four Management Functions of Business 22

Introduction 22

Reading 1 22

Reading 2 29

Listening 32

Translation 33

Self-study section. Grammar revision 34

Skills 35

Speaking 37

Writing 38



Unit 3. Business Ethics 42

Introduction 42

Reading 1 42

Reading 2 50

Listening 53

Translation 54

Self-study section. Grammar revision 55

Social skills 56

Speaking 57

Writing 58



Unit 4. Organization 61

Introduction 61

Reading 1 61

Reading 2 68

Listening 71

Translation 72

Self-study section. Grammar revision 73

Social skills 74

Speaking 76

Writing 77



Unit 5. Business Strategy 79

Introduction 79

Reading 1 79

Reading 2 84

Listening 87

Translation 89

Self-study section. Grammar revision 90

Social skills 91

Speaking 92

Writing 94



Unit 6. Control 96

Introduction 96

Reading 1 96

Reading 2 102

Translation 105

Self-study section. Grammar revision 105

Social skills 106

Speaking 107

Writing 109

Unit 7. Leadership 114

Introduction 114

Reading 1 114

Reading 2 121

Listening 125

Translation 126

Self-study section. Grammar revision 127

Social skills 127

Speaking 129

Writing 131



Unit 8. Human Resource Management 133

Introduction 133

Reading 1 133

Listening 139

Translation 140

Self-study section. Grammar revision 141

Social Skills 142

Speaking 143

Writing 144

Unit 9. Real Estate Management 147

Introduction 147

Reading 1 147

Reading 2 153

Reading 3 158

Translation 161

Self-Study Section. Grammar Revision 162

Social Skills 163

Speaking 165

Writing 169



Grammar File 171

Writing File 213

Speaking File 230

Tapescripts 240

Glossary 254

Vocabulary 271

Grammar Revision. Answer Key 281

List of Used Literature 289

Unit 1. Management – an Art or a Science?

Introduction

1. Why have you chosen the profession of a manager?

2. What skills do you need to become successful in business?

Reading 1

1. Before reading try to write your definition of a manager.

2. Use a dictionary to find out the meaning of the following words.





diverse extent hierarchy be concerned with perform

conceptual categorize cost intended accomplish supplies

equipment creatively facilities effectively resources

efficiently deal with employee design loan officer objective

integrate assume multiple identify managerial specialty

skilled essential interact cooperate possess chairman

proficiency determine manage Chief executive officer (CEO)

supervisor supervision accounting concern statement


3. Read the text and check your guesses.



Management. A Manager

A business can be viewed as a system: a group of related parts organized to work together for some purpose. Management is the function that integrates the parts of this system and makes sure that they work together toward a desired purpose.

Management is a set of activities designed to achieve an organization’s objectives by using its resources effectively and efficiently in a changing environment. Resources – such as people, jobs or positions, technology, facilities and equipment, materials and supplies, information, and money – are used to accomplish the manager’s intended purpose. Effectively means having the intended result; efficiently means accomplishing the objectives with a minimum of cost.

Managers are individuals who make decisions about the use the organization’s resources, and are concerned with planning, organizing, leading (or directing), and controlling the organization’s activities to reach its objectives. An important characteristic of managers is that they do their jobs by working with and through other people.

The extent to which managers perform the functions of management varies by level in the management hierarchy.

We commonly categorize managers as being in lower, middle or upper levels of management, as shown in Figure 1; however, these terms usually apply only in organizations large enough to have specialization. Small businesses usually have one or two managers who are responsible for the diverse management duties needed to keep the business running.

Upper managers spend most of their time planning, and leading because they make decisions about the overall performance and direction of the organization. Therefore, they are usually involved in the development of goals and strategies to achieve those goals. Chief executive officer (CEO), chief financial officer, chairman, president, and executive vice president are common titles at this level.



Figure 1

Levels of management
Middle managers are those managers who receive broad statements of strategy and policy from upper-level managers and develop specific objectives and plans. They spend a large proportion of their time in planning and organizing activities. At this level managers are usually called managers, although their titles may also bear a prefix (like sales, production, accounting and others) to show the type of managers they are.

Lower or first-line managers are those concerned with the direct production of items and delivery of service. Managers at the lowest levels are usually called supervisors, sales managers, loan officers, and store managers. All managers, however, regardless of the size of the company or their level within it, try to achieve the same thing: to work effectively with people so that the business achieves its objectives.

In order to perform the functions of management and to assume multiple roles, managers must be skilled. Robert Katz identified three managerial skills that are essential to successful management: technical, human, and conceptual. Technical skill involves process or technique knowledge and proficiency. Managers use the processes, techniques and tools of a specific area. Human skill involves the ability to interact effectively with people.

The importance of possessing technical, human, and conceptual skills is shown in Figure 2. Top level managers need conceptual skills in order to view the organization as a whole. Conceptual skills are used in planning and dealing with ideas and abstractions. Supervisors need technical skills to manage their area of specialty. All levels of management need human skills in order to interact and communicate with other people successfully.



Figure 2.

Skill Distribution at various levels of management



Vocabulary focus

4. Fill in the gaps using the words from the box (exercise 2).

1. There are three main __ skills that are essential to successful management.

2. __ __ involves the formulation of ideas.

3. Resources are used to accomplish the manager’s __ __.

4. Managers interact and __ with employees.

5. To achieve an organization’s __ in a changing environment it is necessary to use its resources __ and __.

6. We __ managers as being in lower, middle or upper levels of management

7. To assume __ roles, managers must be skilled.


5. Match the English and Russian equivalents.


1 objective

a) взаимодействовать

2 be concerned with

b) заниматься

3 title

c) достигать

4 accomplish

d) звание

5 manage

e) руководить

6 integrate

f) цель

7 to deal with

g) объединять

8 interact

h) вести дела

9 proficiency

i) опытность

6. Express in one word.

a) a person who is in charge of running a business;

b) accomplishing the objectives with a minimum of cost;

c) all the money, property, skill, labour etc that a company has available;

d) a system in an organization in which people are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest;

e) a person who is paid to work for somebody;

f) an area of work that somebody gives most of their attention and knows a lot about;

g) the things such as food, medicines, fuel, etc. that are needed by a group of people;

h) the person in a company who has the most power and authority.


words for reference: resources, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), manager, supplies, specialty, efficiently, employee, hierarchy

7. Find the words in the text for which the following are synonyms.





purpose

price


own

varied


bookkeeping

fulfil

qualified

decide

plan


declaration

claim

inventively

administrative

classify


talent

important

recognize

commerce

degree


think

8. Explain the meaning of the words given below.

organization, business, equipment, objective, title, proficiency, manages, managerial skills, supervision, first-line manager, effectively, facilities, human skill, changing environment, integrate, chairman.


Comprehension

9. Answer the questions.

1. What is management?

2. Which factors constitute managerial work?

3. Which resources does a company usually possess? Who makes decisions about these resources?

4. Does hierarchy influence the functions that managers perform?

5. What are the main levels of management?

6. What titles do managers at each level bear?

7. What is the essence of conceptual skills of a manager?

8. Which managerial skills are the most significant?

10. Expand the following sentences.

1. Management is a set of activities designed to achieve an organization’s objectives.

2. Resources are used to accomplish the manager’s purpose.

3. Managers use an organization’s resources, and fulfil several managerial functions.

4. There are three essential managerial skills.

5. Small businesses usually have one or two managers who keep the business running.

6. At this level managers are usually called managers.

7. All managers try to achieve the same thing.

8. Top level managers need conceptual skills.

11. Put the following sentences in a logical order according to the text.

1. The extent to which managers perform the functions of management varies by level in the management hierarchy.

2. An important characteristic of managers is that they do their jobs by working with and through other people.

3. Small businesses usually have one or two managers who are responsible for the diverse management duties needed to keep the business running.

4. Managers interact and cooperate with employees.

5. A business can be viewed as a system: a group of related parts organized to work together for some purpose.

6. All managers, however, regardless of the size of the company or their level within it, try to achieve the same thing: to work effectively with people so that the business achieves its objectives.

7. Resources are used to accomplish the manager’s intended purpose.

8. A manager's level in the organization determines the relative importance of possessing technical, human, and conceptual skills.




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