indicators of forests of particularly high conservation value
вид-инноватор innovator species
Exhibiting remarkable ecological plasticity, this innovator species has overcome the broad forest zone of Eurasia and has since spread well above the Arctic Circle, where it has successfully colonized inland tundras and even the inhospitable face of some islands in the Arctic Ocean.
вид-колонист colonist species, invading species
вид-убиквист ubiquistous species
видугрожаемый threatened species, endangered species
восстановление~ recover species
потерясредыобитания loss of preferable habitats
снижениечисленностилокальныхпопуляций populations decrease in size, populations steady decline
усилениеизоляциилокальныхпопуляций populations become more isolated, populations increased in isolation
ухудшениесостоянияпопуляций degeneration of larger population
фрагментацияпопуляций fragmentation of larger population
видаконцепции species concepts
биологическая ~ biological species concept
кладистическая ~ cladistic species concept
морфологическая~ morpholgical species concept
палеонтологическая~ paleontological species concept
хорошие~ full species, independent species, separate species
виды, требующиеохраны species of threat status
локальнораспространённные ~ localized species
недостаточноизученные ~ insufficiently known
охраняемые ~ secure species
сокращающиечисленность ~ declining species species
редкие ~ rare species
угрожаемые ~ endangered species
уязвимые ~ vulnerable species
высотный~ altitudinal vicariant
географический~ geographical vicariant
сезонный~ seasonal vicariant
экологический~ ecological vicariant
вклад contribution; socbiol investment
~матери maternal investment
~отца paternal investment
Although this species performs uniparental care we would expect males to put some effort in ensuring paternity because they have at least a high initial investment due to the effort in building elaborated nest, necessary to attract a female.
~родителей parental investment
включать (в себя) v contain, include
The majority of full clutches of the Northern Wheatear in Kazakhstan contained 5 eggs.
These entirely open areas latter include firstly, semi-deserts and deserts, and secondly, diverse stony landscapes stretching from the foot of mountains to their alpine zones.
The vocal repertoires of the majority of well-studied wheatear species include six main, most frequently used call-types.
Among wheatears there are species that either do not imitate sounds of other bird species at all or do so extremely rarely. The first category includes, for instance, the Desert and Red-tailed wheatears; the second, the Northern and. Finschs wheatars.
вмешательство intervention, interference
The high frequency of male interventions in conflicts between females, and the extent to which males limit the effectiveness of female coalitions, are outstanding features of mountain gorilla society.
внедрять introduce (напр., новыйвид), incroporate; implant
избирательное ~ selective attention
обращать~ pay attention
вода water; толщаводыfree water, water colum, midwater
грунтовая~ ground water
оросительная~ irrigation water
проточная~ running water, flowing water, lotic water
стоячая~ stagnant water, lentic water
талая~ melt water
водоворот whirlpool, eddy, swirl
водоём water body, body of water, water
in the southern watershed
водосбор drainage basin, catchment, water catchment area
Birds of both genera build nests in protected shelters (holes), a habit inherited from their forest ancestors, which bred in tree-cavities. Thus, the species inhabiting open plains predominantly use rodent-burrows for this purpose, while mountain-dwelling species habitually choose for their nest-sites holes and fissures in steep clay banks, in stony cliffs and under boulders among talus mounds.
An important method for understanding the structure of a social group is to study the direction of attention of the component individuals. For instance, in a group of patas monkeys the attention of mothers and young is directed toward each other, whereas that of the male is directed outward toward the environment. In a baboon or rhesus group, by contrast, the attention of females is directed primarily toward the adult males.
гаремнаягруппа harem group
деспотическая despotic society
изменения состава ~ group dynamics
клан (гиен) clan
коалициивнутри ~ coalitions (resulted in depenent rank phenomenon)
коммуна commune см.
контроль внутри intra-group control; осуществлять контроль exersize control
Conrol activities of the senior individuals in a primate group includes the disciplinary one of breaking up fights within the group, looking out for enemies, or protecting the group in case of attack. These actions are often correlated with dominance or leadership, but they may not be.