natural protection area, reserved area см. такжезаповедник
Area protected from being exploited.
задачасохранитьместаразмножения aim to secure suitable breeding sites
попыткиувеличить~ activities to expand this protection area
сохранение ~ preservation of (small, large) area
ток (токовище) arena, lek, lekking ground
There was a meeting place where ten males and two females were pesent. The space was four to five feet in diameter, and appeared to have been cleared of every blade of grass and smoothed as if by human hands.
~как «горячаяточка» arena as a hot spot
выборсамкойсамцапоместурасположенияеготерритории place-dependent choosing by female among competing males
конкуренциясамцовзаучастиеврепродукции intermale competition for participating in reproduction
посещение ~ самками visits to arena by females
присутствовать на индивидуальной территории be in attendance
самцы центральные central males
самцы периферические peripheral males
самцы сателлиты sayellite males
функциональный центриндивидуальной территории focal point
The focal point within a territory is the terrestrial dancing stage. The locations of the individual stages seem to be governed by the distributon of thin saplings and vines which serves as approach perches.
токование displays, lekking, lekking displays
The effect of these displays is to prevent strange males from crossing the periphery into the main display arena except for very brief interval.
тормозить brake (напр. крыльями в полете) см. подавлять, препятствовать
Pied wheatears is constantly harassed by individuals of all other wheatear species.
тропа trail, path, run
path led along beaches and on cattle trails
trail led through (велачерез ) forest
натоптанная тропа~ trampled path
In the Old World the word generally used is tundra, a term originating from the Finnish word tunturi meaning a treeless plain. The tundra everywhere is dotted with lakes, transected by small streams and covered with low heath, although in more sheltered places and along river courses and lake shores there are rather high shrub. Where the ground is moist extensive bogs exist, while in the driest parts and in places that are particularly exposed to the wind or where soil is very poor and scanty,the vegetation does not form a continuous cover and the plants are scattered, so that the bare underground is the dominant feature of the landscape.
убегать flee, run away, escape
Young Loggerhead Shrikes that spread their wings when confronting a mouse may have better balance, and spread wings may stimulate the mouse to flee, thereby exposing the back of its neck to attack.
Thus, latrines may function as scent-marking stations and play a role in delaying conspecifics from entering the territory. We suggest that the olfactory channel of communication enables mole-rats to mark their territorial borders with a relatively long-lasting signal, inhibiting the entry of potential intruders.
увеличение increase; augmentation, enhancement, enlargement;
Fighting is done by delivering vigorous pecks (клевки) usually from above.
~ индивидуально recognize individually
упадок decline, decay
идтик ~ go into a decline
находитьсяв~ on the decline
претерпевать~ suffer a decline
приходитьв~decline, wane, diminish
при~ (если только; в том случае, если) conj providing, provided, if
Habit of anchoring the victim corpse would yield a selective advantage providing that it improves the birds ability to exploit large prey.
In the low-arctic region, as compared to high Arctic, conditions are somewhat mitigates.
A summertime is more extended and milder, with a July mean between 15 and 200C.
Near the limit of existence trees can grow only under especially favorable conditions, and are therefore restricted to valleys of rivers, south-facing and well-drained slopes, sheltered depressions or calcareous soil.
участок обитания home range, range (см. также территория, перемещения, след).
His range was confined to the Rush Creek drainage.
The actual area occupied was probably greater than that indicated in Fig. 1.
I believe the actual areas utilized by some lions extend beyond that indicated .
The winter range was on lower Big Creek and downstream on the Middle Fork. Its extent is not known.
Her distinctive track, noted during previous years, revealed that she had been in the area since the study began.
Females No 10,11, and 12 reside in the same range as male No 1.
I do believe, however, that territories relative to each over are properly depicted by the capture data.
All females studied appeared to change the extent of their ranges in different winter seasons. The changes were correlated with females reproductive status.
When alone, a female does not need to utilize a large area, but when accompanied by kittens, the demands of the family for food dictate that she utilize a larger hunting area.
Female No 4, accompanied by the three approximately 7 to 8 month-old kittens, confined herself to the eastern portion of the range.
In 1998, still accompanied by the three kittens (now 18 to 22 months old), she utilized only about one-third of the previous years range.
Thus a larger area is required a female reproductive status, and the age and number of her offspring dictate the extent of her seasonal range. The range area is limited by the ability of young to travel great distances.
Individual ranges were determined by plotting outlying points of observations.
Each boulder-field supported one to three pair(s), which appeared to occupy broadly overlapping home ranges, rather than strictly defended territories.
учёт inventory, census, record
~птиц bird count, bird census
абсолютный~численности true census
ущелье donga, gorge, ravine
~ с лесом по верхнему урезу forest-fringed gorge
фактор factor, agent
~ вдействии factor in operation, factor is operating
главный~ main factor, primary factor
факторыэволюции evolutionary factors
как исходная (конечная) причина ultimate cause
как непосредственная (ближайшая) причина proximate cause
фаунистическая область (зоогеографическая область) faunistic region, zoogeographical region
Австралийская ~ Australian region
Антарктическая ~ Antarctic region
Голарктическая (Палеарктическая + Неарктическая) ~ Holarctic region
Индо-Малайская ~ Oriental region
Неарктическая (Северная Америка) ~ Nearctic region
Неотропическая ~ Neotropical region
Палеарктическая ~ Palaearctic region
Эфиопская ~ Ethiopian region, Afrotropical region
фаунистическоецарство faunistic realm
Метагея Metagea (Holarctic, Oriental, and Ethiopian regions)
Неогея Neogea (Neotropical region)
Нотогея Notogea (Australian region)
феномен phenomenon pl phenomena
~ «бутылочногогорлышка» см. «бутылочного горлышка» феномен
носитель~ phenotype bearer
фиксация добычи (хищником) anchoring
~зажимание (напр., в развилке ветви) vedging
~ запихиваниевщель pulling into
The shrike discovered that a mouse could be pulled into one of these slits
and anchored there, so that small bits could be torn off and eaten.
~ накалывание impaling
фиксированная схема действий fixed action pattern
аппетентнаяфаза ~ appetitive behaviour
завершающая (консумматорная) фаза ~ consummatory behaviour