5 курс под редакцией В. Д. Аракина Москва, Владос, 1999 unit one text one the passionate year

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Под редакцией В.Д. Аракина

Москва, Владос, 1999

By James Hilton
James Hilton (1900— 1954) was born in England and educated at Cambridge where he wrote his first novel, "Catherine Herself". His first big success came with the publication of "Good-bye, Mr. Chips". It was dramatized and filmed. "Lost Horizon" published in 1933 was awarded the Hawthornden Prize. Some of his other books are: "We Are Not Alone" (1937), "Random Harvest" (1941), "Nothing So Strange" (1947), "Time and Time Again" (1953). A resident of the United States since 1935, he died in Long Beach, California.

(Kenneth Speed, B.A., a young Master at Millstead Boarding School for boys, was warned that the first night he takes prep1 he might be ragged2 as it was a sort of school tradition that they always tried to rag teachers that night.

Preparation for the whole school was held in Millstead Big Hall, a huge vault-like chamber in which desks were ranged in long rows and where Master in charge sat on high at a desk on a raised dais.)
Speed was very nervous as he took his seat on the dais at five to seven and watched the school straggling to their places. They came in quietly enough, but there was an atmosphere of subdued expectancy of which Speed was keenly conscious; the boys stared about them, grinned at each other, seemed as if they were waiting for something to happen. Nevertheless, at five past seven all was perfectly quiet and orderly, although it was obvious that little work was being done. Speed felt rather as if he were sitting on a powder-magazine, and there was a sense in which he was eager for the storm to break.

At about a quarter past seven a banging of desk-lids began at the far end of the hall.

He stood up and said, quietly, but in a voice that carried well: "I don't want to be hard on anybody, so I'd better warn you that I shall punish any disorderliness very severely."

There was some tittering, and for a moment or so he wondered if he had made a fool of himself.

Then he saw a bright, rather pleasant-faced boy in one of the back rows deliberately raise a desk-lid and drop it with a bang. Speed consulted the map of the desks that was in front of him and by counting down the rows discovered the boy's name to be Worsley. He wondered [13] how the name should be pronounced — whether the first syllable should rhyme with "purse" or with "horse". Instinct in him, that uncanny feeling for atmosphere, embarked him on an outrageously bold adventure, nothing less than a piece of facetiousness, the most dangerous weapon in a new Master's armoury, and the one most of all likely to recoil on himself. He stood up again and said: "Wawsley or Wurssley — however you call yourself — you have a hundred lines!"3

The whole assembly roared with laughter. That frightened him a little.' Supposing they did not stop laughing! He remembered an occasion at his own school when a class had ragged a certain Master very neatly and subtly by pretending to go off into hysterics of laughter at some trifling witticism of his.

When the laughter subsided, a lean, rather clever-looking boy rose up in the front row but one and said, impudently: "Please sir, I'm Worsley. I didn't do anything."

Speed replied promptly: "Oh, didn't you? Well, you've got a hundred lines, anyway."

"What for, sir" — in hot indignation.

"For sitting in your wrong desk."

Again the assembly laughed, but there was no mistaking the respectfulness that underlay the merriment. And, as a matter of fact, the rest of the evening passed entirely without incident. After the others had gone, Worsley came up to the dais accompanied by the pleasant-faced boy who dropped the desk-lid. Worsley pleaded for the remission of his hundred lines, and the other boy supported him urging that it was he and not Worsley who had dropped the lid.

"And what's your name?" asked Speed.

"Naylor, sir."

"Very well, Naylor, you and Worsley can share the hundred lines between you." He added smiling: "I've no doubt you're neither of you worse than anybody else but you must pay the penalty of being pioneers."

They went away laughing.

That night Speed went into Clanwell's room for a chat before bedtime, and Clanwell congratulated him fulsomeTy on his successful passage of the ordeal.4 "As a matter of fact," Clanwell said, "I happen to know that they'd prepared a star benefit performance for

you but that you put them off, somehow, from the beginning. The [14] prefects5 get to hear of these things and they tell me. Of course, I don't take any official notice of them. It doesn't matter to me what plans people make — it's when any are put into execution that I wake
up. Anyhow, you may be interested to know that the members of School House6 subscribed over fifteen shillings to purchase fireworks which they were going to let off after the switches had been turned off! Alas for fond hopes ruined!"

Clanwell and Speed leaned back in their armchairs and roared with laughter.


1. to take prep: to be in charge of preparation of lessons in a regular period at school.

2. to rag {coll.): to play practical jokes on; treat roughly.

3. You have a hundred lines: Copying text is a common penalty for misbehaviour in English and American schools.

4. ordeal: in early times, a method of deciding a person's guilt or innocence by his capacity to pass some test such as passing through fire, taking poison, putting his hand in boiling water, or fighting his accuser. It was thought that god would protect the innocent person (to submit to the ordeal by battle; ordeal by fire, etc.). Now it means any severe test of character or endurance, as to pass through a terrible ordeal. E.g. It was his turn to speak now, so he braced himself up for the ordeal.

5. prefects: in some English schools senior boys to whom a certain amount of authority is given.

6. House: (here) a boarding-house attached to and forming a portion of a public school. Also, the company of boys lodged in such a house. E.g. I'm as proud of the house as any one. I believe it's the best house in the school, out-and-out.

Vocabulary Notes
1. subdue vt 1) conquer; overcome; bring under control, as to subdue nature 2) soften; make quiet or less strong, e.g. The enemy fire was subdued. Lunch was somewhat of an ordeal, all the present being subdued by the preceding scene. He was unusually subdued that night. Also: subdued light, spirits, voices, etc.
2. conscious a 1) aware, knowing, as to be conscious of pain, cold, etc., e.g. I'm conscious of my guilt (i.e. I know I've done wrong). The teacher should be conscious of any subtle change of atmosphere in his class (i.e. The teacher should feel and realize any change of atmosphere). She was far more politically conscious than her husband (i.e. She knew more about the political life and her estimation of it was more objective). 2) (of actions and feelings) realized by oneself, e.g. He spoke with conscious superiority (i.e. realizing that he was superior), -conscious (in compound words), as self-conscious, class-conscious, dress-conscious, etc., e.g. With a dress-conscious person clothes may become an obsession: he doesn't see even himself as an individual, but as a kind of tailor's dummy to hang the latest trophy on.

Note: Don't confuse conscious and conscientious, e.g. Being a most conscientious worker, she wondered how she should act in this kind of situation. Your paper is a truly conscientious piece of work.
3. grin vi/t 1) smile broadly and in such a way that the teeth can be seen (to express amusement, contempt or satisfaction), e.g. The boy grinned from ear to ear when I gave him the apple. He was grinning with delight, grin and bear it endure pain or trouble without complaint 2) express by grinning, e.g. He grinned his delight.

Grin n, e.g. There was a broad grin on his face. His sardonic grin aroused my anger.
4. orderly a 1) well arranged; in good order; tidy, as an orderly room, e.g. The books were ranged alphabetically on the orderly shelves. 2) peaceful; well behaved, as an orderly crowd (election, assembly, etc.) 3) [mil. use) concerned with carrying out orders, as the orderly officer, the orderly room. Ant. disorderly, e.g. He was arrested for disorderly conduct. The disorderly crowd straggled in the direction of the Town Hall.

Orderliness n, e.g. She made a mental note of the perfect orderliness and discipline at the lesson. Ant. disorderliness n, e.g. Speed said he would punish any disorderliness very severely.
5. Outrageous a shocking; beyond all reasonable limits; very cruel, immoral, offensive or insulting, as outrageous behaviour, e.g. This outrageous remark was followed by shocked silence.

outrageously adv, e.g. The book was proclaimed to be outrageously indecent and banned in most countries.

outrage n 1) extreme violence; violent transgression of law or decency, as an act of outrage; never to be safe from outrage 2) {with [16] an ind. art.) a very wrong or cruel act of physical injury to another person's property, or to the person himself, or to his feelings, e.g. The dropping of bombs on women and children is an outrage against humanity. Coll. Just look at the hat she's wearing; it's an outrage!

Outrage vt treat violently; injure severely; treat with scorn, as to outrage public opinion (do smth. that everybody thinks wrong)
6. Neat a 1) clean and in good order, as a neat room, to keep smth. as neat as a pin 2) well-formed; pleasing in shape and appearance, e.g. She has a very neat figure. Your handwriting is very neat. 3) in good taste; simply and pleasantly arranged, as a neat dress 4) done with skill and care, as a neat piece of work 5) (of style, language, remarks) short and clever; witty and pointed, e.g. She gave a very neat answer. Detective stories are loved for their tidy problems and neat solution. 6) (use of wine and spirits) without water, as to drink brandy neat; neat juice (syrup)

Neatly adv, e.g. I realized that I had been very neatly put in my place.

Word Discrimination: neat, tidy, trim, spick-and-span.

Neat suggests cleanliness, simplicity and a certain orderliness or precision which sometimes becomes the chief implication of the word. In neat person the adjective describes the personal appearance: dress, hairdo. The general effect is that of cleanliness, well-fitting clothes. In tidy person the adjective refers to the person in the habit of putting things in their proper places and of keeping eyerything around him clean and orderly. Tidy implies habitual neatness, e.g. We liked his tidy habits. He always kept his room tidy (i.e. all the things in the room were in their proper places). Cf. neat room where neat gives the suggestion of cleanliness and pleasing effect. Trim adds the implication of smartness, often of smugness or compactness, as a trim ship (cabin, maid-servant, etc.) Also: trim clothes, trim figure, etc. Spick-and-span stresses the brightness and freshness of that which is new (or made to look like new), as spick-and-span white shoes, e.g. Her mother keeps her spick-and-span every moment of the day. The kitchen was spick-and-span. Ant. disorderly, confused, messy, slovenly.
7. Witticism n a witty remark: a jest, e.g. I was feverishly searching my mind for some witticism that might make her smile.

Wit n 1) (sing, or pi.) intelligence; understanding; mental power; quickness of mind, e.g. He hadn't the wit(s) (hadn't wit enough) to know what to do in the emergency. He has quick (slow) wits, out of one's wits mad; greatly upset or frightened, e.g. He was out of his wits [17] when he saw the house was on fire, at one's wits' end not knowing what to do or say; quite at a loss, e.g. He gave her a questioning glance but she was at her wits' end too. to collect one's wits gather together, recover control of one's thoughts, e.g. He tried to collect his wits before saying anything, to live by one's wits live by clever but haphazard methods, not always honest, e.g. But there were many who declassed by hard social conditions, never worked and lived by
their wits, to have (keep) one's wits about one be quick to see what is happening, alert and ready to act, e.g. The kid has his wits about him, he will get out of the mess all right. 2) clever and humorous expression of ideas; liveliness of spirit, e.g. Our teacher (or teacher's conversation) is full of wit.

Witty a clever and amusing; full of, or marked by wit, as a witty person (remark). Ant. dull, stupid.
8. Impudent a not showing respect; being rude on purpose and in a shameless way, e.g. What an impudent rascal he is! What an impudent accusation!

Impudently adv, e.g. When charged with the crime of the broken window the boy grinned impudently and said nothing.

Impudence n being impudent, impudent words and actions, e.g. None of your impudence! (i.e. Don't be so impudent!) He had the impudence to say that I was telling lies! His impudence knew no bounds.
9. Benefit n 1) help; advantage; profit; improvement, e.g. Did you get much benefit from your holiday? (Did it do you good?) The book wasn't of much benefit to me (didn't help me very much). The money was used for the benefit of (in order to help) the population after
the disaster. What benefit would it be to the nation? benefit performance (concert, etc.) a performance (at a theatre), a concert, etc., when the money is for the benefit of some special cause 2) (often in the pi.) an act of kindness; a favour; an advantage, e.g. He should
have been grateful for the benefits he received from his relatives.

Benefit vt/i help or be helped; give or receive benefit, e.g. The sea air will benefit you. He benefited by the medicine the doctor gave him.
Word Combinations and Phrases

to carry well (voice, music, etc.) (to have) a feeling for atmosphere

to be hard on smb. (coll.) to roar with laughter [18]

to make a fool of oneself (coll.) to pass entirely without incident

to consult smth. (a map, a dictio- (bookish)

nary, the time-table, etc.) to put smb. off (coll.)

to take (official) notice of smth.

(or smb.)

1. a) Listen to the recording of Text One and mark the stresses and tunes,
b) Repeat the text in the intervals after the model.

2. Consult a dictionary, transcribe the following words and practise their pro-

vaultlike, dais, atmosphere, powder-magazine, disorderliness, pleasant-faced, deliberately, uncanny, outrageously, facetiousness, armoury, assembly, subtly, clever-looking, impudently, penalty, congratulate, fulsomely, ordeal, prefect, execution
3. Read the following word combinations paying attention to assimilation and
the linking "r":

on the dais, watched the school straggling to their places; but there was an atmosphere of subdued expectancy; the boys stared about them; at the far end of the hall; consulted the map; by counting down the rows discovered the boy's name; when the laughter subsided; in the front row but one; again the assembly laughed; who dropped the desk-lid; but that you put them off; and they tell me; in their armchairs
4. Read the passage beginning with "Speed was very nervous..." till "...he was eager for the storm to break"; concentrate your attention on weak forms and the rhythm.
5. While reading the following dialogues mind the intonation of the stimuli and responses and convey proper attitudes according to the author's directions given in the text:
A. When the laughter subsided, a lean, rather clever-looking boy rose up in the front row but one and said, impudently: "Please sir, I'm Worsley. I didn't do anything."

Speed replied promptly: "Oh, didn't you? Well, you've got a hundred lines, anyway."

"What for, sir" — in hot indignation.

"For sitting in your wrong desk." [19]

В. "And what's your name?" asked Speed.

"Naylor, sir."

"Very well, Naylor, you and Worsley can share the hundred lines between you." He added smiling: "I've no doubt you're neither of you worse than anybody else but you must pay the penalty of being pioneers.''

They went away laughing.

6. Read the text and consider its following aspects.
a) Comment upon the choice of words in:
watched the school straggling to their places (why not "walking, coming"?); the boys stared about them (why not "looked"?); there was some tittering (why not "laughter" ?); the whole assembly roared with laughter (why not "the whole school laughed"?)
b) Explain:
there was a sense in which he was eager for the storm to break: I don't want to be hard on anybody; a class had ragged a certain Master; you put them off
c) What stylistic devices are used in the sentences beginning with "Speed felt rather as if..." and "Instinct in him..."? Explain their purpose and effect. Comment on the fitness of the comparisons.
d) Indicate the use of formal (learned) words and colloguialisms. Explain their purpose.
e) What words and phrases give atmosphere to the description? Select descriptive details that contribute to the realism of the fragment.
f) Point out the climax of the episode. Give reasons for your choice.
g) Do you think that there are sentences where the author is over-emphatic? Select them and criticize or justify the emphasis.
7. Copy out from Text One the sentences containing the word combinations and phrases and translate them into Russian.
8. Paraphrase the following sentences using the word combinations and phrases:
1. Our life in the house followed a quiet pattern. 2. The scheme was soon put into operation. 3. She turned sharply to meet his glance. Suddenly she felt a pang of pity. No, she could not be cruel to him. 4. It was hard to tell where you stood with Eddy and I was careful not to become a laughing-stock for his pals. 5. He was arrested by her face immediately, so gentle it looked in the crowd. 6. He looked up in the telephone-directory but there was no telephone listed under his name. 7. When the white figure emerged at the window, there was a spooky silence, but in a moment we recognized George and burst into laughter. 8. He tried to get rid of me
with more promises but I wouldn't surrender. 9. She evidently felt ill at ease and spoke very quietly but everything she said could be heard distinctly. 10. Nothing happened in the morning, but when the good news came, the next hour was a succession of hand-shakes
and laughing comments.
9. Compose short situations in dialogue form for each of the given word combinations and phrases. Mind their stylistic peculiarities. Use proper intonation means in the stimuli and responses.
10. Translate the following sentences into English using the word combinations
and phrases:

1. Обстоятельства помешали им привести свой план в исполнение. 2. Учитель говорил тихим голосом, но его было хорошо слышно. 3. Сказав это, он понял, что поставил себя в глупое положение. 4. Услышав эту шутку, все разразились громким смехом. 5. Какое расстояние отсюда до города? — Я не знаю. Посмотри по карте. 6. После этого весь судебный процесс проходил без единого происшествия. 7. Спид знал, что молодой учитель должен с самого начала утвердить свой авторитет (to gain a firm standing), и поэтому он сразу поставил мальчиков на место, когда они стали плохо вести себя. 8. Она отделалась от него шуткой (with a jest). 9. Я не хочу, чтобы ты поставил себя в глупое положение. 10. Герберт не обращал внимания на то, что она говорила. 11. Все знали, что Фэти пользуется шпаргалками, но никто не обращал на это внимания. 12. Не будь с ней так сурова, она не виновата. 13. Узнав о случившемся, отец сурово обошелся с сыном.

11. Answer the following questions:
1. What was Speed conscious of when he took his seat on the dais? How did the boys behave? 2. What was the first breach of discipline during the prep? 3. Do you think Speed's reaction to the breach of discipline was correct? 4. Was he conscious of the risks he ran? What
does the author call his act? 5. What did Speed remember when the assembly was roaring with laughter? 6. In what way did Speed put off the mischief-makers? Do you think the way he dealt with the situation was correct? 7. What did Speed learn in the evening? 8. What would
you do if you were in similar conditions? Would you do the same?
12. Ask each other questions covering the text. Mind the intonation of interrogative sentences to convey proper attitudes.

a) Do you think the boys liked Speed's answer? Who do you think warned him? etc.

b) When was it that tittering began? How was it that Speed won the respect of the boys?
13. Study the vocabulary notes and translate the examples into Russian.
14. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the words and word combinations in italics:
A. 1. Subduing a wilful child is not an easy task. 2. Both Hope and the Professor were rather subdued, not guite their customary selves. 3. In the large dimness of the hall they sat together, for three hours very conscious of each other. 4. I've never suspected you to be so dress-conscious. 5. Largs gave hem one of his infreguent but disarming grins, which suddenly turned him into an over-size small boy out for a lark. 6. Mamma is smiling with all her might. In fact Mr. Newcome says ... "that woman grins like a Cheshire cat." 7.1 paid attention to the orderly placing of furniture in the room. 8. Mrs. Ernest Weldon wandered about the orderly living-room, giving it some of those little feminine touches. 9. He was a man of unusually conscientious, industrious and orderly mind, with little imagination. 10. He thought of it as he contemplated the small orderliness of the cabin against the window background of such frantic natural scenery. 11. He came mincing forward, almost swooned at the sight of so many staring faces but bravely recovered himself, and then began hissing at them like an outraged serpent. 12. And as Lady Foxfield stepped back a pace and appeared to swell up with outraged dignity, Bessy grabbed half a dozen balls of wool and hurled them straight at her. 13. The pictures on the walls of the room were an outrageous challenge to good taste. 14. The fascist invaders committed numerous
outrages on the territories they occupied.
B. 1. The words may have been the usual conventional stuff, but they neatly fitted a fine marching tune. 2. He gave the egg a neat rap on the table and peeled it scrupulously. 3. He was neat in his dress; he went to work in quiet grey trousers, a black coat and a bowler hat. 4. Her coat was pretty old, but neat as a new pin. 5. But he would have worried more about all this if he had not been so busy worrying about how to keep his senses, his wits and his manhood intact on the back of that infernal motorcycle. 6. "I have here the figures of the annual expenditure of the company in wages." — "Keep 'em. Don't want figures. No use addling our wits with a lot of nonsensical figures." 7. Throughout all this my lord was like a cold, kind spectator with his wits about him. 8. Nick possessed that ability sometimes found in an
unemployed slumdweller to live precariously by his wits. 9. During the whole of this time Scrooge had acted like a man our of his wits. 10. He was a man with little wit in conversation. 11. There was a celebratory dinner at which Speed accompanied songs and made a nervously witty speech and was vociferously applauded. 12. As Candover's conduct was especially noisy and impudent and calculated to lead to a serious breach of the peace, he was taken into custody by Sergeant Pegswood. 13. He spoke impudently and it steered the conversation around to the dangerous point. 14. "He will be found," said the Professor calmly. "And when you find him, perhaps you had better keep him." — "If you mean what I think you mean," replied Daisy tartly, "then you've got a sauce." — "A sauce?" The Professor looked almost startled. "How can I have a sauce?" — "I mean — a nerve, a cheek —" — "Impudence, eh? A-curious idiom. I must remember it for America." — "You needn't, 'cos the slang's all different there." 15. "Fact is, an Afghan or an Afridi or somebody ran off with one of our buses,* and there was the very devil to pay afterwards, as you can imagine. Most impudent thing I ever heard of." 16. I didn't think it would benefit you if you argued with Williston. 17. Who benefits by the death of Simpson? 18. Anthony lit a cigarette and braced himself for the ordeal. He wondered what benefit this affair would be to everybody. 19. The traditional suspect of a detective story is a
person who benefits by the death of the murdered man.
Каталог: load -> angliskii
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